## Elementary Course of Geometry ... |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD altitude axis base bisect called chord circle circumference common cone consequently construct contained Corol corresponding cylinder describe determine diagonal diameter difference divided draw drawn equal equal distances equiangular equilateral extremities faces feet figure follows formed four geometric locus given angle given circle given line given point gles greater half height Hence inscribed intersection isosceles join length less line drawn manner mean measured meet middle multiply parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular placed plane plane XZ polygon polyhedrons prism Prob problem Prop proportional Prove pyramid quantities radii radius ratio rectangle regular respectively right angles rule segment sides similar solid Solution sphere spherical square straight line surface symmetric taken tangent THEOREM third triangle triangle ABC vertex vertices whole

### Popular passages

Page 33 - In obtuse-angled triangles, if a perpendicular be drawn from either of the acute angles to the opposite side produced, the square of the side subtending the obtuse angle, is greater than the squares of the sides containing the obtuse angle, by twice the rectangle contained by the side upon which, when produced, the perpendicular falls, and the straight line intercepted without the triangle, between the perpendicular and the obtuse angle.

Page 70 - The areas or spaces of circles are to each other as the squares of their diameters, or of their radii.

Page 50 - Proportional, when the ratio of the first to the second is equal to the ratio of the second to the third.

Page 50 - Four quantities are said to be proportional when the ratio of the first to the second is the same as the ratio of the third to the fourth.

Page 60 - Carol. 4. Parallelograms, or triangles, having an angle in each equal, are in proportion to each other as the rectangles of the sides which are about these equal angles. THEOREM LXXXII. IF a line be drawn in a triangle parallel to one of its sides, it will cut the other two sides proportionally.

Page 23 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 1 - A straight line is said to be perpendicular to a plane when it is perpendicular to every straight line which passes through its foot in that plane, and the plane is said to be perpendicular to the line.

Page 51 - Proportion, when the ratio is the same between every two adjacent terms, viz. when the first is to the second, as the second to the third, as the third to the fourth, as the fourth to the fifth, and so on, all in the same common ratio.

Page 5 - ... 07958 in using the circumferences j then taking one-third of the product, to multiply by the length, for the content. Ex. 1. To find the number of solid feet in a piece of timber, whose bases are squares, each side of the greater end being 15 inches, and each side of the less end 6 inches ; also, the length or perpendicular altitude 2-1 feet.

Page 2 - What is the upright surface of a triangular pyramid, the slant height being 20 feet, and each side of the base 3 feet ? • Ans.